Everything you need to know about Schengen Agreement, Countries, Visa Types , Requirements, Insurance, Application Form, Guidelines and How to Apply. Schengen Area. The free movement of persons is a fundamental right guaranteed by the EU to its citizens. It entitles every EU citizen to travel, work and live in. Acervo de Schengen – Convenção de aplicação do Acordo de Schengen, de 14 de Junho de , entre os Governos dos Estados da União Económica.
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Schengen Areasignifies a zone where 26 European countries, abolished their internal borders, for the free and unrestricted movement of people, in harmony with common rules for controlling external borders and fighting criminality by strengthening the common judicial system and police cooperation. Romania, Bulgaria, Croatia and Cyprus. Although not members of the EU, countries like: Norway, Iceland, Switzerland and Lichtenstein are also part of the Schengen zone.
The 26 Schengen countries are: Currently, Schengen Area consists of 26 member countries. All of these countries are located in Europe, from which:. A holder of a Uniform Schengen visa can travel to all 26 member countries of the Schengen Area: One of the richest countries in the world by per capita GDP terms, Austria, has an area of 83,km2, and is inhabited by 8, residents. The country signed the Schengen agreement on 28 April However, it started its implementation more than two years later on 1 December Austria is located in the central Europe, and is bordered by 8 countries, more than most of the other European countries.
Its capital, Vienna, remains one of the top European destinations for travelers. In alone, the Austrian embassies around the world received a number ofvisa applications. Belgium is one of the five first countries that signed the Schengen agreement on 14 Juneand started its implementation on 26 March It is a small and densely populated country, with an area of 30,km2 and a number of 11, residents.
A number oftravelers from all around the world applied for a visa to Belgium in Shortly known as Czechia, the country was founded as late as inwith the peaceful dissolution of Czechoslovakia. The central European country has an area of 78,km2 and is bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast.
It has a population of 10,, The country has a considerable income from tourism, with Prague listed as the fifth most visited city located in the old continent. The Czech Republic signed the Schengen agreement on 16 April and started its implementation years later, on 21 December Last year,foreigners in need of a visa, applied for one at the Czech embassies around the world.
Denmark is the southernmost country of the Scandinavian countries. It has an area of 43, km2 and is located in the south-west of Sweden and south of Norway. Whereas, to the south it is bordered by Germany. The Danish government signed the Schengen agreement in 19 December and started its implementation on 25 March However, Denmark is currently one of the six Schengen countries with reintroduced border checks due to the security situation in Europe and threats resulting from the continuous significant secondary movements.
The Nordic country has a population of 5, residents who have one of the highest standards of living, not only in Europe, but in the whole world as well. Figures show that Denmark has received 1 million more tourists inin comparison to This flatland country also consists of 2, islands and islets in the Baltic Sea.
Its government signed the Schengen agreement on 16 April and started its implementation on 21 December Inthe country receivedvisa applications. However, figures show that 3. Officially known as the Republic of Finland, the Nordic country is bordered by Norway to the north, Sweden to the northwest, and Russia to the east.
It is famous for its educational system, and for being one of the safest and most eco-friendly countries on earth. Its 5, residents populate the happiest country in the world.
Finland has an area ofkm2. It signed the Schengen agreement on 19 December and started its implementation on 25 March Aacordo remains one of the most visited Schengen countries, since last year alone it receivedvisa applications.
Statistics show that adordo of around 3,1 million tourists that entered Finland in1,5 million of them were from the EU states. The most visited country in Europe, France, is not all about the Eiffel Tower.
Known for its fine wine, sheer diversity, heritage sites and luxury skiing schenggen, the country schegnen The ,km2 scordo borders eight European countries: Belgium and Luxembourg in the northeast, Germany and Switzerland in the east, Italy and Monaco in the southeast, and Andorra and Spain in the south and southwest. It afordo home to 64, residents, who can move freely within the Schengen Area, since the country is one of the five founding countries of the Schengen Zone on 14 June The implementation of the agreement in France started on 26 March The land of invention and innovation and the second most visited Schengen country, Germany, consists of an area of ,km2 and 16 constituent states.
The most populous EU member is also the European country that borders most other countries. It has Austria to the southeast, Switzerland to the south-southwest, France, Luxembourg and Belgium lie to the west, and the Netherlands to the northwest. The German passport is amongst the top three most powerful passports in the world, since its 81, residents can visit countries visa-free.
Germany is one of the five founding countries of the Schengen agreement, signed on 14 June It started its implementation year acotdo on 26 March The cradle of Western civilization, Greece, is located at the crossroads of Europe, Asia, and Africa. The Hellenic Republic is considered as the birthplace of democracy, western literature, historiography, political science, Olympic games, etc.
Despite of the fact schenggen its borders have changed throughout the year, today Greece shares land borders with Albania to the northwest, the Republic of Macedonia and Bulgaria to the north, and Turkey to the northeast.
Despite that Greece signed the Schengen agreement on 6 November and started svhengen implementation on 1 Januarynone of its neighbors has joined the area yet. The country has an area ofkm2 and 11, residents.
scchengen Greece has a unique cultural heritage, beautiful island and beaches, what makes it a favorite destination for many travelers. Init received 1, visa applications from travelers worldwide, what makes it the fifth Schengen country with most applications received.
Located in Central Europe, Hungary has an area of 93, km2 and is home to 9, residents.
Schengen: Controversial EU free movement deal explained – BBC News
It shares land border scjengen Slovakia to the north, Ukraine to the northeast, Austria to the northwest, Romania to the east, Serbia to the south, Croatia to the southwest, and Slovenia to the west. A high number of travelers visit the country each year. Init receivedvisa applications. When it comes to tourism, Hungary is one of the main medical tourism destinations in Europe. It signed the Schengen agreement on 16 April and started its implementation on 21 December The Nordic island country is located in the North Atlantic and is volcanically and geologically active.
It has a population of , two-thirds of which reside in the capital of Reykjavik and the surrounding area.
Schengen: Controversial EU free movement deal explained
The country has an area ofkm2. Ecotourism and whale-watching are amongst the top tourism attractions in Iceland. However, inthe country received svhengen, visa applications, least among all other states. It first signed the Schengen agreement on 19 December It signed a second agreement, which replaced the first, on 18 May following the incorporation of the agreement into EU law with the Treaty of Amsterdam.
Iceland finally started the implementation of the agreement on 25 March The sovereign state of the Italian Republic is located in the heart of the Mediterranean Sea. With 59, residents, it is the fourth most populous EU member. Italy is the successor of what was known as the enormous Roman Empire, that left behind a rich history and a lot of cultural attractions, what have affected Italy to become one of the top destinations in Europe.
Italy is also the country that gave to the world some of the most famous scholars, artists and polymaths as Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael, Galileo and Machiavelli.
It started the implementation of the Schengen agreement on 26 October after having signed it previously on 27 November Init was the third Schengen state with most visa applications received 1, The Republic of Latvia shares borders with Estonia in the northern region, Lithuania in the southern, to the east is Russia, and Belarus to the southeast.
The 64,km2 country has a population of 1, inhabitants. It signed the Schengen agreement on 16 Apriland started its implementation on 21 Decemberthus becoming part of the European borderless territory. Riga was named the European Capital of Culture for Principality of Liechtenstein is a doubly landlocked German-speaking microstate in Central Europe.
It has an area of only km2 and 37, residents, what makes it the fourth smallest European country. Liechtenstein shares borders with Switzerland to the west and south, and Austria to the east and north. The country is mainly mountainous, thus an alluring winter sport destination. It is the last country that joined the border-free Schengen area, after it signed the agreement in 28 February and started its implementation on 19 December The 65,km2 country is bordered by Latvia to the north, Belarus to the east and south, Poland to the south, and Kaliningrad Oblast a Russian exclave to the southwest.
It has a population of 2, residents, and uses euro as its currency. Lithuanian is one of the oldest languages in the world today. And along with Latvian, it is also one of only two living languages in the Baltic branch of the Indo-European language family.
Lithuania signed the Schengen agreement on 16 April and started its implementation later on 21 December SchenvenLithuania receivedvisa applications, which is more than countries like Austria, Portugal, Sweden, Denmark, or Norway. Luxembourg is a country of 2, km2 and has a population ofresidents.
It is one of the founding states of the Schengen agreement, which was signed in 14 June in the village of Schengen in Luxembourg. Its sdhengen, Luxembourg City, is one of the three official capitals of the European Union. Ranked by its GDP, Luxembourg is the second richest country in the world.