Aliran dalam Ilmu Kalam(Qadariyah dan Jabariyah). – Diakses tanggal 14 Maret Harkaman. Teologi Jabariyah dan Qadariyah. PEMIKIRAN ALIRAN AL-NAJJARIYAH SEBAGAI SEKTE JABARIYAH MODERAT . Lailatul Maskhuroh STIT al Urwatul Wutsqo. Keywords. The word comes from Jabariyah Jabara said in Arabic that means force and On the origins and roots of the emergence of Jabariyah flow is not separated . ALIRAN JABARIYAH A. PENGERTIAN JABARIYAH Sebelum kita.

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Before we understand and know more about the jabaeiyah of the emergence of this Jabariyah flow, should I lay out the sense of the word itself Jabariyah, both etymologically and sacara terminology. The word comes from Jabariyah Jabara said in Arabic that means force and requires doing something. Understanding of the etymology of the word above it is understood that the said Jabara is a compulsion in doing every thing.

Or in other words there is an element of compulsion. Jabara said after changing into Jabariyah by increasing the Yaa ‘ratio implies that a group or a stream ism. Reaffirmed in a variety of reference put forward by the ash-Syahratsan that understand Al-Jabar mean aliiran human actions in the real sense and leaning it to God, in other words, people do act in a tight squeeze.

In reference to English, Jabariyah aliraj Fatalism or Predestination. That understanding which states that human action has been determined from the beginning by making up ‘and Qadr Allah. We can conclude that the flow is a flow Jabariyah group of people who understand that every action they do is an element of compulsion was due to God’s will is determined by making up ‘and Qadr God.

Jabariah is a growing opinion in the Islamic community to break away from all responsibility. Then the man is likened to another creature quiet and free from actions that could be accounted for.

‘kopral Jontit –

In other words, man is likened to an inanimate object that only moves and is moved by God the Creator, according to what they want him. In this matter man is considered no more than a feather in the air in the wind according to his desired direction.

Then the man was quiet and escape from the effort to choose what he wants himself. On the origins and roots of the emergence of Jabariyah flow is not separated from several factors.

Jabariah opinion applied in the kingdom Ummayyah AD. Namely in the security situation has been restored to the achievement of an agreement between Muawiyah with Hasan bin Ali bin Abu Talib, who could no longer deal with the power of Muawiyah. Muawiyah then find a way to strengthen his position. Here he plays a devious politics. Jabariyah group first appeared in Khorasan Persian at the time of emergence Qodariyah group, which is approximately in 70 H.


The flow was spearheaded by the Jahm bin Safwan, the flow is also called Jahmiyah. Jahm bin Safwan, who initially said the man stuck, do not have any freedom, all human actions are determined only to Allah, there is no human intervention. Understand Jabariyah attributed to bin Safwan Jahm therefore the Jabariyah referred to as the Jahmiyah, But others say that the person who first pioneered the understanding jabariyah is Ja’ad bin Al-Dirham, he also referred to as the man who first said that Al-Quran creatures and negating the attributes of God.

Besides, it also denies the existence of the Jahmiyah ru’ya see eye to eye God in the afterlife. Although the Qadariyah and Jahmiyah has disappeared, but his teachings are still preserved. Because the second heir Mu’tazilites understanding and adopting the principal teachings of both of them.

Further in the hands of these notions Mu’tazilah refreshed. Qadariyah called because they inherit the content of their understanding of the rejection of the existence of destiny, and attribute all human actions to yourself without the intervention of God.

Jahmiyah called because they inherit from their refusal to understand that negating the attributes of God, the Koran’s creature, and pengingkatan them about the possibility of seeing God with the eyes on the Day of Resurrection.

In this regard, Ibn Taymiyyah said that as a follower Mu’tazilah is Jahmiyah but not all Jahmiyah is Mu’tazilah, because Mu’tazilites disagree with the Jahmiyah the problem Jabr servant to do out of necessity.

If Mu’tazilites menafikanya then the Jahmiyah believe. Experts reviewing the history of thought through approach geokultural Arabs. Life of the Arabs contained by sahara desert a major influence in the way of life. Their dependence on nature have given rise to fierce desert surrender attitude toward nature. Such a situation, the Arabs did not see a way to change things around them according to their own keingianan.

They feel weak in the face of the difficulties of life. Finally, they are largely dependent on the attitude of fatalism. He is a servant of the house of Hakam and lived in Damascus.

He was beheaded by the governor of Kufa killed that khalid bin Abdullah El-Qasri. God never spoke with Moses as indicated by the letter of the Qur’an An-Nisa verse That must get the science is only achieved with reasonable prior to hearing. Let the man uses his reason for such purposes when there is not an awareness of divinity.


Faith is the knowledge of mere belief. Therefore faith is not faith that includes three persons heart, and oral work. So there is no difference between men with one another in this area, because it is only a mere knowledge alkran knowledge levels did not differ.


For God did not give the nature of which properties may also be given to humans, because it means that Allah resembles the properties of it. That humans do not have any freedom and initiative, all good deeds are evil, bad or good only God alone who decide. That heaven and hell is not eternal, and will be destroyed and perish with the residents, because of the eternal and immortal is God alone.

Jabariyah group are those who exceed the limits in determining their destiny to rule aoiran altogether the power of man and deny that man can do something and do something for business. What is destined to them will happen. They argue that humans have to do all their deeds and will have no power to influence the action, even a man like a feather in the wind. Thus they do not jabaruyah anything because berhujjah to fate. If they do a practice is contrary to law, they do not feel responsible for it and they berhujjah that fate had occurred.

Belief that this kind of impact jabarihah on the rejection of the human ability to make repairs. And total surrender to lust and desires and fall into sin and disobedience because they think that all that has been destined by God for them.

So they enjoy it and are willing to it. Believing that all human beings who are destined to be hits, do not need someone to do business because it did not change destiny.


Such beliefs have led them to leave good deeds and make an effort to save him from the Wrath of God, such as prayer, fasting and praying. All this according to their beliefs no use for all that God destined to happen so that prayer and effort is useless to him. Then they leave and do not pay attention to enjoin enforcement of the law.

Because crime is a destiny that will inevitably occur. So they take it for granted tyranny dzalim people and the damage done by the destroyer, because what they have been destined and willed by God.

The scholars Ahlu Sunnah wal pilgrims have been denied the opinion of those who lost it with the cancellation and denial of their opinions. Explained that the belief in destiny is not contrary to the belief that humans have the desire and choice in his actions and his ability to carry it out.

This is indicated by the arguments of both Shari’a and reasonable. Diposting oleh Kasanah Dwi Cahya Kurniasari di