Allanblackia floribunda is an evergreen Tree growing to 25 m (82ft) by 20 m (65ft) at a fast rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) The flowers are pollinated by Insects. The useful plants of west tropical Africa, Vol 2. Names. Allanblackia floribunda Oliv. [family GUTTIFERAE]. Allanblackia parviflora A. Chev. [family GUTTIFERAE] . Native geographic distributions of (a) Allanblackia floribunda; (b) A. parviflora; and (c) A. stuhlmannii. Maps reprinted with permission from.
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Allanblackia klainei Pierre ex A. The fat obtained from the seed, known as ‘allanblackia fat’ or ‘beurre de bouandjo’ in Congo, is used in food preparation[ ]. Recently, the international food industry has become interested in the fat as a natural solid component for margarines and similar products[ ].
The seeds contain a fat that is solid at ambient temperatures.
The fatty acid composition of the fat is approximately: Only traces of other fatty acids are present. Fruits are stored under a cover of leaves to allow the fruit pulp to disintegrate. To extract the seeds, fruits are crushed between the hands and seeds are rubbed clean. To extract the fat, seeds are dried and crushed; the resulting mass is mixed with water and boiled until the fat separates and floats to the surface, from where it is scooped off[ ].
More modern hydraulic and screw press equipment is now also used[ ]. The seeds are eaten in times of food scarcity[ ]. The fruit is large, up to 30cm long by qllanblackia in diameter with upward of seeds borne within in a translucent mucilage[ ]. Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally. A decoction of the inner bark is taken to treat diarrhoea, dysentery allahblackia stomach aches.
A decoction of the inner bark is used as alkanblackia mouthwash to relieve the pain of toothache. The bark is anodyne. A decoction of the bark or leaves is taken to treat asthma, bronchitis and cough[ ]. The bark is pounded and rubbed on the body to relieve painful conditions[ ]. Sap squeezed from the bark is a component of a medicine used to treat urethral discharge[ ].
Sap expressed from a crushed up mixture of the bark, combined with that of Mammea africana, maleguetta and sugar-cane, is taken as a remedy for urethral discharge[ ]. A decoction of the whole fruit is used to relieve elephantiasis of the scrotum, though this may simply be based on the Theory of Signatures because of the size and shape of the fruit[ ].
A prenylated xanthone, named allanxanthone A, has been isolated from the bark, dloribunda well as 1,5-dihydroxyxanthone and 1,5,6-trihydroxy-3, 7-dimethoxyxanthone. The compounds isolated showed moderate in-vitro cytotoxicity against the KB cancer cell line[ ]. Plant material from the Congo has been reported to contain abundant flavonins in allabblackia bark and roots, some tannins, allanbblackia traces of steroids and terpenes[ ].
Trees are left on the farms when clearing the land for cultivation and managed especially for shading cocoa[ ]. Other Uses An oil obtained from the seeds is used for soap making and in the cosmetics industry[ ]. Small twigs are used as chew-sticks or toothpicks[ ]. Twigs have been used as candlesticks[ ]. A sticky, yellow resin is obtained from the inner bark[ ]. The heartwood is pale red or brown; it is usually fairly distinctly demarcated from the thick, pinkish beige sapwood.
The grain is fairly straight, texture medium to coarse; the lustre is low. The wood is fairly hard, fairly durable, and moderately resistant to termites[ ]. It is resistant to marine borers[ ].
When dry it saws well, floirbunda green wood may spring on conversion. It is fairly easy to work with hand and machine tools[ ]. It is used locally, but is of secondary importance. In Nigeria it is used in construction of local houses[ ]. A plant of the moist tropics where it can be found at elevations up to 1, metres[ ]. It grows best in areas where the maximum mean annual temperature ranges from 24 – 33c, whilst the minimum can fall below 10c.
It prefers a mean annual rainfall in the range 1, – 2,mm[ ]. Grows best in a sunny position[ ]. Prefers well-drained soils especially lithosols[ ].
Common in the wild on strongly leached, acid soils with pH 3. Under natural conditions, trees start flowering after about 12 years, with the flowering occurring during a large part of the year. Fruits florubunda nearly a year to mature and ripe floribudna are also found during a large part of the year[ ].
Allanblackia floribunda | Indigenous Knowledge on Forest Foods & Medicinal Plants in Ghana
The degree of maturity of fruits on the tree can not be estimated, so mature fruits are left to drop to the allxnblackia and are then collected[ ]. The fat from the seeds of Allanblackia floribunda is very similar in composition floribinda that of Allanblackia parviflora and Allanblackia stuhlmannii[ ]. A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be allqnblackia if fruit and seed are required[ ].
Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs. Seed – germination takes 6 – 18 months and germination rates are very low[ ]. Keeping the fruits for a few months on damp sites covered with banana leaves and buried partially and scarification of the seedcoat improve germination rates only slightly[ ].
Methods of propagation by cuttings and grafting are being developed[ ]. Right plant wrong place. We are currently updating this section.
This taxon has not yet been assessed. For a list of references used on this page please go here A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page. This is a QR code short for Quick Response which allanlackia fast-track access to our website pages. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone smartphone cameras.
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Allanblackia floribunda – Oliv. Common Name Vegetable Tallow. Tallow tree Family Clusiaceae USDA hardiness Known Hazards None known Habitats A common understorey tree of lowland closed evergreen rainforest and riverine forest, and also in secondary and swamp forest, at elevations up to 1, metres.
Floriubnda is common on strongly leached, acid soils with pH 3. You can translate the content of this page by selecting a language in the select box. Allanblackia allanglackia is an evergreen Tree growing to 25 m 82ft by 20 m 65ft at a fast rate.
It is hardy to zone UK The flowers are pollinated by Insects. The plant is not self-fertile. It can grow in semi-shade light woodland or no shade. It prefers moist soil.
QR Code What’s this? Some information cannot be used for commercial reasons or be modified but some can. Sllanblackia view the copyright link for more information. A common understorey tree of lowland closed evergreen rainforest and riverine forest, and also in secondary and swamp forest, at elevations up to 1, metres.