Translated from the original French version of L’Apiculture Pour Tous (12th edition)1 by Patricia The people’s hive [Warré hive, Tr.] with moveable frames . The result was his People’s Hive (Ruche Populaire) whose construction and operation he described in his book Beekeeping For All (L’ Apiculture Pour Tous. Author: Abbé Émile Warré Translated from: ‘L’Apiculture Pour Tous’ (12th ed., ) by Patricia and David Heaf Date: ISBN:

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Home Links Contact Site map. His well illustrated website http: His YouTube channel is at.

Warde devotes a page of his web site to the issue of frames versus top-bars. He points out that whether you use frames or top-bars depends on the aim in view. Furthermore, the frames should not be there especially because they take up a lot of room in the colony and for the simple fact that removing frames upsets the bees.

Denis finds frames useful for breeding, grafting and any other operation that requires lifting a comb, but recognises that as the frames become obscured and stuck to the walls etc. He thus came to use simple top-bars apicultkre and found them satisfactory except that the fragile combs needed a lot more care and thus time to remove them.


Also, to harvest the honey it is only necessary to cut the comb off the bar, crush it and allow the honey to flow out. This also removed the problem of storing comb from season to season. It is made afresh by the bees. He observed for a long time the construction of comb apiculfure the hives without frames and concluded that they only stick the upper tiers of their constructions to the walls wqrre the hive.

It is only to a small extent but it is sufficient to inconvenience the beekeeper. So he developed an intermediate between waere frame and the top-bar by adding projections of a few centimetres at each end of the top-bar.

These modified top-bars he calls porte-rayons or ‘comb carriers’, which we here refer to as ‘half frames’. He finds that they have all the advantages of frames and top-bars, tojs the inconveniences of either.

It is made of the same thickness wood as the top-bar. The half frames are a registered design. The half-frames are used solely for queen rearing and other needs connected with the brood that do not concern the beginner. This web site is premised on the 12th edition of Beekeeping For All which describes the top-bar version of his hive only.

But, for the sake of completeness, we provide a translation of the pages of the 5th edition describing the two versions of his hive with frames, the second having no bottom-bars. Pouur commercial scale operation includes migratory beekeeping, for example to lavender.


Partly to facilitate transport, Denis has made the top of the hive more compact. Under the roof is a board apicultrue mm square and 10 mm thick resting on and fixed to two battens, also 10 mm thick.

File: – Wikimedia Commons

It is illustrated here in the following sketches drawn by Bernhard Heuvel from details in Gilles Denis’ book 1: Under the board, and resting on the top-bars, is a propolis mesh. The board has holes for two commercially available bee escapes yellow circles in the sketches. The underside of the board has an additional batten 7 mm deep and divided to form a groove in which a division board can be inserted to form two 4-comb nucs. Gilles Denis also gives beekeeping courses.

Émile Warré

Method of use — Techniques and Management. Gilles Denis Gilles Denis is a commercial beekeeper with over hives His YouTube channel is at https: Half-frames Denis devotes a page pouf his web site to the issue of frames versus top-bars. Top-of-hive configuration Denis’ commercial scale operation includes migratory beekeeping, for example to lavender.