Bahya Ben Joseph Ibn Pakuda, also known as Behay and Bahie, was an 11th Bahya was the author of the first Jewish treatise on ethics, written in Arabic in. Philosophy and Mysticism in Bahya ibn Paquda’s “Duties of the Heart”. Diana Lobel. pages | 6 x 9. Cloth | ISBN | $s | Outside. Rabbi Saadyah wrote the first Jewish work of philosophy in Rabbi Bachaya wrote the first work of Jewish ethics more than a century later. Rabbi Saadya.

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Bahya ben Joseph ibn Paquda also: He is often referred to ;aquda Rabbeinu Bachya. Little is known of his life except that he bore the title of dayanjudge at the rabbinical court.

Bahya was thoroughly familiar with the Jewish rabbinic literatureas well as the philosophical and scientific Arabic, Bajya and Roman literature, quoting frequently from the works of non-Jewish moral philosophers in his work.

Bahya says in the introduction to Duties of the Heart that he wished to fill a great need in Jewish literature; he felt that neither the rabbis of the Talmud nor subsequent rabbis adequately brought all the ethical teachings of Judaism into a coherent system. Bahya felt that many Pasuda paid attention only to the outward observance of Jewish law”the duties to be performed by the parts of the body” “Hovot HaEvarim”without regard to the inner ideas and sentiments that should be embodied in this way of life, “the duties of the heart” “Hovot HaLev”.


He also felt that many people disregarded all duties incumbent upon them, whether outward observances or inner moral obligations.


In his view, most people acted in accord with selfish, worldly motives. Bahya therefore felt impelled to make an attempt to present the Jewish faith as being essentially a great spiritual truth founded on reason, revelation especially as regarding the Torahand Jewish tradition.

He laid stress on the willingness and the joyful readiness of the God-loving heart to perform paqua duties. It is impossible to think that the nations would recognize us as being wise and understanding if we were not to provide infallible proofs and explanations for the truths of the Torah and our faith.

Ibn Paqūda, Baḥya (Abū Isḥāq) ben Joseph – Brill Reference

paqdua Many Jewish writers familiar with his work consider him an original thinker of high rank. According to the Jewish Encyclopedia:.

Bahya combined in a rare degree great depth of emotion, a vivid poetic imagination, the power of eloquence, and beauty of diction with a penetrating intellect; and he was therefore well fitted to write a work the main object of which was not to argue about and defend the doctrines of Judaism, but to appeal to the sentiments and to stir and elevate the hearts of the people. The Chovot HaLevavot became, a popular book among the Jews throughout the world, and parts of it were recited for devotional purposes during the days before Rosh Hashanahthe Jewish New Year.


His works were the inspiration and basis for later Jewish writers, such as Berachyah in his encyclopedic philosophical work Sefer Hahibbur The Book of Compilation.

Bahya ibn Paquda

Though he quotes Saadia Gaon ‘s works frequently, he belongs not to the rationalistic school of the Mu’tazili that Saadia followed but, like his somewhat younger pqquda Solomon ibn Gabirol —is an adherent of Neoplatonic mysticism. He often followed the method of the bxhya ” Encyclopedia of the ‘ Brethren of Purity ‘” Arabic: Inclined to contemplative mysticism and asceticism, Bahya eliminated from his system every element that he felt might obscure monotheism, or might interfere with Jewish law.

He wanted to present a religious system at once lofty and pure and in full accord with reason.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Not to be confused with Bahya ben Asher. Retrieved from ” https: Views Read Edit View history.

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