Combining personal memoir, philosophical essay, and historical analysis, Svetlana Boym explores the spaces of collective nostalgia that. The word nostalgia comes from two Greek roots, yet it did not originate in ancient .. ways of internalizing past and future, Reinhart Koselleck suggested two. Combining personal memoir, philosophical essay, and historical analysis, Svetlana Boym explores the spaces of collective nostalgia that connect national.
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The word was coined by the ambitious Swiss bojm Johannes Hofer in his medical dissertation in Nostalgia and progress are like Jekyll and Hyde: The nostalgic desires to obliterate history and turn it into private or collective mythology, to revisit time as space, refusing to surrender to the irreversibility of time that plagues the human condition.
The Future of Nostalgia
Time out of time, not encumbered by appointment books. Thirdly, nostalgia, in my view, is not always retrospective; it can be prospective as well. Considering the future futuee us take responsibility for our nostalgic tales.
Unlike melancholia, which confines itself to the planes of individual consciousness, nostalgia is about the relationship between individual biography and the biography of groups or nations, between personal and collective memory.
Sometimes it is not directed toward the past either, but rather sideways. The nostalgic feels stifled within the conventional confines of time and space. In the off-modern tradition, reflection and longing, estrangement off affection go together.
It is the promise to rebuild the ideal home that lies at the core of many powerful ideologies of today, tempting us to relinquish critical thinking for emotional bonding. The danger of nostalgia is that it tends to confuse the actual home with an imaginary one.
nosfalgia Unelected nostalgia breeds monsters. Yet the sentiment itself, the mourning of displacement and temporal irreversibility, is at the very core of the modern condition.
Outbreaks of nostalgia often follow revolutions: The most common currency of the globalism exported all over the world is money and popular culture. Nostalgia speaks in riddles and puzzles, trespassing across the boundaries between disciplines and national territories.
So one has to face it in order not to become its next victim—or the next victimizer. Restorative nostalgia does not think of itself as nostalgia, but rather as truth and tradition. Reflective nostalgia dwells on the ambivalences of human longing and belonging and does not shy away from the contradictions of modernity.
Nostalgia | Svetlana Boym
Restorative nostalgia protects the absolute truth, while reflective nostalgia calls it into doubt. Restorative nostalgia is at the core of recent national and religious revivals. It knows two main plots—the return to origins and the conspiracy.
It loves details, not symbols. If restorative nostalgia ends up reconstructing emblems and rituals of home and homeland in an attempt to conquer and specialize time, reflective nostalgia cherishes shattered fragments of memory and demoralizes space. Restorative nostalgia takes itself dead seriously. Reflective nostalgia, on the other hand, can be ironic and humorous.
It reveals that longing and critical thinking are not opposed to one another, just as affective memories do not absolve one from compassion, judgment, or critical reflection.
The optimistic belief in the future has become outmoded while nostalgia, for better or for worse, never went out of fashion, remaining uncannily contemporary. In the end, the only antidote for the dictatorship of nostalgia might be nostalgic dissidence.
Perhaps dreams of imagined homelands cannot and should not come to life. Paradise on earth might turn out to be another Potemkin village with no exit.
Don Ihde, Hugh J. See Fred Davis, Yearning for Yesterday: