Cleopatra was one of four female alchemists who worked on producing the famous and the most famous Κλεοπατρης χρυσοποια (Chrysopoeia of Cleopatra). The Chrysopoeia of Cleopatra, a single scroll of vellum containing mystical diagrams with precious little explanation, reveals an understanding. Chrysopoeia Ouroboros illustration with the words ἕν τὸ πᾶν, hen to pān (“the all is one”) from the Chrysopoeia of Cleopatra In alchemy, the term chrysopoeia.
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Cleopatra was one of four female alchemists who worked on producing the famous Philosopher’s stone. Some of the most precious of her discoveries are included in her Chrysopoeia, which may chrysopoeis hold the key for a transmutation into gold. Alchemy was an elite discipline forbidden to many in ancient Egypt. The mystical knowledge and advanced skills necessary for its practice demanded extensive education and unique abilities.
However, the difference between Egypt and many other places on Earth was immense. Women who lived od the Nile were allowed to practice science and were highly appreciated for their successes. There was no discrimination among scientists in some clopatra, especially in Alexandria. This situation helped women to flourish in science. The history of alchemy is full of blank spaces which may never be filled.
However, some of the remarkable achievements by ancient people are still known and shed light on the mysterious chambers full of tools and scrolls, where ancient alchemists tested their ideas.
Usually Cleopatra the Alchemist is remembered as a woman who may have had Greek roots and lived in Alexandria during the 3rd century AD, where she worked as a philosopher and author. Her experiments with practical alchemy are mostly famous for providing one of the four attempts by female alchemists to produce the famous Philosopher’s stone.
She is also known to have created a very early chemical tool called the alembic. Picture of an alembic from a medieval manuscript. Some researchers suggest that Cleopatra the Alchemist and Cleopatra the Physician could be the same woman. There are also some skeptical voices that negate commonly accepted information about her as well. One writer who has tried to solve the problem of this mysterious woman was Marilyn Ogilvie, who wrote:.
According to one tradition, she was a physician who was mentioned in the Hippocratic writings; according to a second, she was an alchemist who was a follower of Mary the Jewess.
Chrysopoeia – Wikipedia
During the Middle Ages the traditions became confused, and a third complication was added: Although both historians of medicine and historians of alchemy refer to the same ancient sources, their interpretations of these sources depend upon their biases—whether they are searching for a physician or an alchemist. The only connection between the interests of Cleopatra the Alchemist and Cleopatra the Physician is in their mutual concern with the reproductive process.
In the reports of the work of Cleopatra the Physician, no more than one ingredient of science, the descriptive element, is apparent. As for Cleopatra the Alchemist, although no evidence suggests an originality of approach, she does seem to have integrated the theoretical aspects of alchemy with laboratory experimentation. In Hellenistic Egypt, Cleopatra could already find cloepatra exciting resources that were tucked away on the chrysopkeia of the great Library.
There was also a strong scientific circle that researched many fascinating subjects, including the most mysterious ones related to chemistry and physics. Many details of her life are unknown, but it is suspected that she was connected to the school of Mary the Jewess and Comarius, the famous alchemists. Their greatest achievements were creating the sophisticated apparatus for chryeopoeia and distillation. It seems that Cleopatra died in the 4th century AD, but details surrounding her death remain unknown.
Only three works by this remarkable woman have survived until now: Chrysopoeia is a sheet of papyrus with the description of her most remarkable research. A copy of the papyrus is located in Leiden University, Netherlands. The word Chrysopoeia can be translated as ”gold-making”. The papyrus is full of symbols and drawings that have been described in a very simple way. One chrrysopoeia the images shows a serpent eating its tail. It was the symbol of eternal return, a very popular depiction in antiquity.
There is also an instrument similar to the well-known chemical apparatus called kerotakis. Finally, there is a symbol of a star and crescent — signifying turning lead into silver. Does this mean that Cleopatra was successful in her attempts to transform metals? Did she make silver? Or perhaps even gold? The answers remain unknown. Symbols of a snake eating its tail Public Domain and a crescent moon with stars Public Domain from the Chrysopoeia of Cleopatra. Apart from Cleopatra the Alchemist, several other names are known as great scientists from her time.
One of them was another woman, called Paphnutia the Virgin. She is known from a letter between the alchemists Theosebeia and her brother Zosimos of Panopolis. In this text, Zosimos criticizes his chrysopoela for sharing ideas with Paphnutia. In his opinion, Paphnutia’s education was limited, and her practice of alchemy wasn’t valuable. Marelene Rayner-Canham, Women in Chemistry: Natalia Klimczak is an historian, journalist and writer. Can be seen the alembic was used for metal alloy experimentation, using High heat!
Chrysopoeia | Revolvy
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Web page addresses and e-mail addresses turn into links automatically. Lines and paragraphs break automatically. Leave this field blank. Related Articles on Ancient-Origins. Kom Ombo is notable In ancient Egypt, higher education originated from copying chrysopoeeia texts for use in Mark Antony and Cleopatra are among the most famous pairs of lovers from the ancient world.
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