The ANC,* however, refused to disband MK,* while the CP,* AZAPO* and the PAC* baulked at the idea of holding negotiations. Notwithstanding this, CODESA 1. The result was the Pretoria Minute, an agreement that all the obstacles identified by the ANC as obstructing negotiations would be removed or addressed The Convention for a Democratic South Africa (CODESA) formed an integral part of negotiating an end to apartheid and the beginning of a.

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This year marks the 20 year anniversary of that important event. In accordance with the National Archives and Coedsa Service of South Africa Act, records in the custody of the National Archives must be made publically available after a period of 20 negotiatoons has elapsed since the end of the year the records came into existence.

Accordingly, from January documents held by the National Archives which relate to CODESA shall be publicly available, presenting an important opportunity for researchers and others interested in knowing more about the event.

Negotiations to end the apartheid system began instarting with the release of Nelson Mandela and some political prisoners from Robben Island prison.

These talks continued untilone year before the country’s first democratic elections where all South Africans had a right to cast votes for a party of their choice to run the republic. De Klerk was the state president at the time and a leader of the National Party which engineered apartheid.

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He has been hailed as instrumental in setting a favourable climate under which such negotiations could take place to bring apartheid to an end. The apartheid regime lasted 46 years in total, leaving behind a trail of destruction that is still felt to this day. The country was wounded, emotions were high and a lot had to be discussed. The obvious objectives were to discuss strategies of the proposed new democratic South Africa, constitutional matters, arrangements for an interim government and what to do with the divided homelands.

The majority of whites appeared to support the idea of a united democratic South Africa and things looked great Violence erupted as a result, including the infamous Boipatong Massacre in June of the same year. Boipatong is a black township near Vanderbijlpark, south of the Gauteng province. The ANC and its alliance partners then launched various mass action country-wide campaigns which led to a tragedy in the Eastern Cape province where the Bisho Massacre occurred.

This incident happened on September 7, where the army of the then Ciskei homeland attacked ANC protesters marching to demand that their town be reincorporated into South Africa. Ocdesa the 27th of Aprilthe first democratic elections were held, the ANC won with Mandela becoming the first democratically-elected president of the republic.


In order to facilitate a government of unity, De Klerk became his deputy together with the ANC’s Thabo Mbeki, who succeeded Mandela and served negotiatiojs terms.

Early 90’s violence through to CODESA 1 & 2 – The O’Malley Archives

A copy of the inventory is available in the following collection:. Contact the Freedom of Information Programme for assistance. UMkhonto weSizwe celebrates 50 years in December South Africa gets slammed by civil society members of Open Government Partnership steering committee.

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The O’Malley Archives

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A copy of the inventory is available in the following collection: Subscribe for latest news and information from SAHA.