Identify whether the reference words are anaphoric, cataphoric, or exophoric by selecting your choice in the pull-down menu next to each item. After you make. Definition of Exophoric from our glossary of English linguistic and grammatical terms containing explanations and cross-references to other relevant English. Anaphoric reference: An item in the text forms a cohesive link with another item which has already occurred – ie it refers back to and replaces that item, thus.

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I have been reading about errors with exophoric pronoun references the paper was mostly aimed at preparing one for a certain standardized testand refedence the author saying “In the context of this test, exophoric pronouns are always incorrect. It looks very natural to me, but I think that’s because in my native tongue such a reference is acceptable “he” is exophoric here, am I right?

Is it just this test being picky, or should I refrain from using them elsewhere?

In your example, the pronoun “he” that begins the second sentence is not exophoric. It is endophoric, because its referent is manifest in the text.

What your test instructions admonish you to do is to forego exophoric pronouns that may seem obvious to you but are not to others. In the above sentence, they could be exophoric or endophoric. If it referred to scientists who did the research and wrote the paper and therefore are referenced in itit is endophoric. If it is a general statement about some unnamed scientists somewhere or the elusive “they” who are responsible for all rumored activitieswhich the author assumes to be obvious to the reader, then it is exophoric.


Just make sure you use pronouns that refer to real persons or things in your text. In the case of the above sentence, “He” is a personal pronoun refers back to “John” so that it is Anaphoric reference.

I went to school yesterday. Then, I met some of my friends. We meaning You and I can work as Anaphoric sometimes. For example, My girlfriend and I traveled to Brisbane.

We saw many things. Exophoric reference is something outside the discourse but is understood by both of the speaker and the hearer. Because they have already had knowledge about that or it is understandable from the context.

An ELT Notebook: An ELT Glossary : Anaphoric, Cataphoric and Exophoric Reference

referencw Donald Trump is the 45th Presisent of the United States. It is anaphoric reference because “he” refers to “John” which is mentioned earlier in the discourse. And if “John” is mentioned later, “he” will exxophoric cataphoric reference. By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you acknowledge that you have read our updated terms of serviceprivacy policy and cookie policyand that your continued use of exopgoric website is subject to these policies.

Home Questions Tags Users Unanswered. What’s the deal with exophoric pronoun references? He found the weather to be calming and relaxing. My understanding of exophoric pronouns is that they refer to subjects that do not appear in the text. In other words they must be deduced by context. But John does appear in the text. So I don’t think the ‘he’ in your second sentence is exophoric.

It is unclear what your text is. How do we know what the ‘context’ of the mentioned context is? Also, is this in reference to a text or to speech?

For exoporic is a really big chair’ in text, ‘that’ has no possible -physical- referent. Also, this may be better asked at linguistics. StoneyB- actually I think ‘her’ is exophoric with respect to your quoted text.

Probably just a typo? Jim, yes, [blush], thank you.


Exophora – Wikipedia

I’m going to delete it It was then that he saw her. What’s not clear from your example is what texts – question? Robusto k 28 It seems like the context for the referent within this test is defined as the sentence, and not the text as a whole. I’ll make sure to double check.

According to thisit would seem pronouns are usually classified as exophoric or anaphoric. If “they” refers to the set of all people who say such a thing, is it reflexophoric? Many exophoric pronouns are deictic, but not all. Can you give an example of an exophoric pronoun that is not deictic?

How do you interpret ‘her’ without extralinguistic context? To know who ‘her’ is, you need to know who is speaking, or when and where they are speaking, or referrnce speaker will need to point.

It is exophoric because ‘her’ is outside the text, and deictic because the semantic meaning of ‘her’ is fixed but the denotational meaning depends on the context. That is quite different to my understanding, but the concept of deixis does seem to be quite varied depending on your field.

He found the weather to be calming and relaxing”. Baby of Linguistics 1. Maruco Safi 1 1. Sign up or log in Sign up using Google. Sign up using Facebook.

Anaphoric, Cataphoric and Exophoric Referencing

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