Now the religious scholars of the age of the finality of Prophethood, which is the age of knowledge, are capable of applying the general principles of Islam to the. This belief in the finality of Prophethood has been an established belief of the Muslims since the time of the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace). The Finality of Prophethood of the Last Messenger, Muhammad Sall-Allahu Alayhi wa Sallam. By Mufti Zubair Bayat. Scores of Qur’anic verses, and dozens of.

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It is generally regarded to mean that Muhammad was the last of the prophets sent by God. The title khatam an-nabiyyin or khatim an-nabiyyinusually translated as “Seal of the Prophets”, is applied to Muhammad in verse The popular Yusuf Ali translation reads.

Khatam an-Nabiyyin

The reading of Words based on this root occur in the Quran eight times: In a well-known hadith reported by Abu HurayrahJabir ibn Abd AllahUbayy ibn Ka’band Abu Sa’id al-Khudriand recorded by al-BukhariMuslimat-TirmidhiAhmadan-Nasa’iand others, Muhammad compared the relationship between himself and the previous prophets to a building missing a single brick.

The people go about it and wonder at its beauty, but say: In another hadith, Muhammad prophesied the appearance of a number of false prophets before the day of judgement, while asserting his status as the seal of the prophets. And in my ummah there will be thirty liars, each of whom will claim to be a prophet, but I am the seal of the prophets, there is no prophet after me. According to the authoritative dictionary Lisan al-Arab of Ibn Manzur. And in the Qur’an: According to Taj al-Arus of al-Zabidi.

The title is generally regarded by Muslims as meaning that Muhammad is the last in the series of prophets beginning with Adam. Hartwig Hirschfeld doubted the authenticity of the verse Frants Buhl accepted the traditional meaning of last prophet. Josef Horovitz suggested two possible interpretations of khatam an-nabiyyin: According to Alford T. Welchthe traditional Muslim belief that Muhammad is “last and greatest of the prophets” is most likely based on a later interpretation of The first modern academic to have studied in detail the history of the doctrine of finality of prophethood is Yohanan Friedmann.


Wilferd Madelung takes Friedmann’s findings into consideration in observing that the original Qur’anic meaning of the term is not entirely certain. Ernst considers the phrase to prophethoodd that Muhammad’s “imprint on history is as final as a wax seal on a letter.

David Powers, also making use of Friedmann’s research, believes that the early Muslim community was divided over the meaning of the expression, with some understanding it to mean he fulfilled or confirmed the earlier Christian and Jewish revelations, while others understood it as signifying that Muhammad brought the office of prophethood to a close.

Uri Rubin holds that the finality of prophethood is a Qur’anic idea, not a post-Qur’anic one, and that the expression khatam an-nabiyyin implies both finality of prophethood and confirmation.

In response to Powers and other modern scholars skeptical of the early origin of the doctrine, Rubin concludes from his study “that, prolhethood least as far as Sura 33 is concerned, the consonantal structure of the Qur’anic text has not been tampered with, and that the idea of finality of prophethood is well-represented in the text, as well as in the earliest available extra-Quranic materials. He concludes that “there is no compelling reason to assume that the Muslims of the first Islamic century originally understood the Qur’anic khatam an-nabiyyin in the sense of confirmation alone, without that of finality.

The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community Ahmadi Muslims while accepting Muhammad as the ‘Seal of the Prophets’ Khatamun Nabiyyin and the last prophet to have brought a complete and comprehensive universal law for humanity last law-bearing Prophetbelieve that prophethood subordinate to Muhammad is still open.

Muhammad is believed to have brought prophethood to perfection and was the last law-bearing prophet, the apex of man’s spiritual evolution. New prophets can come but they must be subordinate to Muhammad propehthood cannot exceed him in excellence nor alter his teaching or bring any new law or religion. The Ahmadiyya movement understands this term to indicate the culmination and authentication of prophethood in Muhammad, rather than its absolute cessation. The concept of the finality of prophethood finalityy Muhammad has caused controversy in recent times.


The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, hold Mirza Ghulam Ahmad to be a prophet non law-bearing prophetsubordinate to Muhammad propethood accordance with Islamic prophecies. Ahmad founded the movement in Qadian, India in and claimed to be the “Promised Messiah” and Mahdi.

His claims resulted in a violent reaction among many Muslims of the Indian subcontinent. Salafi and Sunni scholars vehemently opposed prophetjood and in subsequent years a movement opposed to Ahmadiyya beliefs was founded. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the title of Muhammad. For the related name of the mole on his shoulderblade, see Shama’il Muhammadiyah. Finailty his signet-ring, see Seal of Muhammad.

Mosque of the prophet Possessions Relics. Profession of faith Prayer Fasting Alms-giving Pilgrimage.

Khatam an-Nabiyyin – Wikipedia

Jerusalem Studies in Arabic and Islam. Jami’ al-Bayan fi Tafsir al-Qur’an in Arabic. The Quranic Arabic Corpus. The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. Seal of the prophets. Phrase prophethod in Quran A Dictionary of Islam: Introduction to Islamic Theology and Law. Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim World. Cecep Lukan 18 February Journal of Islamic Studies. The Macdonald Presentation Volume. A Commentary on the Creed of Islam: Koranische Untersuchungen in German. Encyclopedia of Islam new ed.

The succession to Muhammad: The Institute of Ismaili Studies. Archived from the original on Rethinking Islam in the Contemporary World. University of North Carolina Press. The Making of the Last Prophet.

University of Pennsylvania Press. The Making of the Last Prophet”. Islamic Law and Society. Princeton University Press, p. Retrieved 17 April Retrieved 30 March Retrieved from ” https: Titles of Muhammad Quranic words and phrases. Views Read Edit View history. This page was last edited on 16 Decemberat By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

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